Nowadays, a lot of people are switching their cigarettes for e-cigarettes. Some people have a belief that vaping is better than smoking a traditional cigarette, but this is not the case. Vaping still has detrimental effects on the overall health of teenagers and adults, including oral health. Charlotte Pediatric Dentistry strongly advises against the use of tobacco in any form because of the effects it has on the teeth, gums, and long-term dental health.
How does vaping affect the teeth and gums?
While vaping hasn’t been around long enough for studies to be done on the long-term effects, there is enough evidence to know the negative impact it has on cardiovascular and respiratory health, as well as oral health.
The ingredients in the vaping liquid are the main cause for dental issues. Propylene glycol (PG) is a colorless carrier product, and it breaks down into acetic acid, lactic acid and propionaldehyde when used orally. All of these are toxic to soft tissue and tooth enamel. Effects of vaping also include:
Increased bacteria and tooth decay
A study in 2018 found that teeth exposed to e-cigarette aerosols had more bacteria than those that hadn’t. Excessive bacteria was found in the crevices and pits of the teeth. This difference was greater in the pits and crevices of teeth. Bacteria is the cause of tooth decay and cavities.
Dry mouth, or xerostomia, occurs when salivary glands don't make sufficient saliva to prevent the drying of the mouth. Dry mouth is a common side effect of vaping because water molecules in saliva and oral tissue bond to the Propylene glycol. In addition, when your mouth is dry, bacteria builds up at the base of your teeth and gums, which leads to bad breath, gum disease, mouth sores, and tooth decay.
Those who vape will experience inflamed, sensitive gums. This is because smokeless tobacco requires the nicotine to be absorbed directly through the gums. Studies show the incidence of cancer of the mouth increases as a direct result of its use.
Increased chance of periodontal diseases
The effects of vaping on the enamel and soft tissue in the mouth, leads to cell death and increases the risks of periodontal diseases. Periodontal diseases, or an infection of the gums, can lead to tooth and bone loss.
Charlotte Pediatric Dentistry advises against vaping
If you have more questions about the negative effects vaping can have on your teenager, contact us today.